In the year 2037, non-autonomous vehicles will be as much of a curiosity as riding a horse is today, tech billionaire Elon Musk says.

Musk also says that the rapid rise of artificial intelligence is “really like the scariest problem for me,” and that the government has to set up something like the Federal Artificial Intelligence Administration before it’s too late.

The CEO of SpaceX and Tesla laid out his latest vision for the future of transportation, AI and space exploration over the weekend at the National Governors Association’s summer meeting in Providence, R.I. Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval, whose state hosts Tesla’s first battery-producing Gigafactory, served as the emcee for Saturday’s fireside chat.

Tesla and the future of autonomous vehicles were Topic A for the talk. When Sandoval asked what the shape of the automotive industry would be in 10 years’ time, Musk focused in on electric power as well as self-driving capabilities.

“Probably in 10 years, more than half of new vehicle production is electric in the United States, and China’s going to be ahead of that,” Musk said.

He said China is the “most aggressive” country on Earth when it comes to promoting electric vehicles, solar power and renewable energy – so much so that Chinese industries have been pleading with the government to slow down.

Musk was even more bullish on the outlook for autonomous driving, a field that Tesla has pioneered.

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