In the past half century, China has lost 53 per cent of its temperate coastal wetlands.

The main problems are 1) Wetland protection laws and regulations are not complete; 2) Local management capabilities need to be improved 3) Economic development interferes with wetland protection; and 4) Publicity and public education is insufficient.

At present, the country has 5.7959 million hectares of coastal wetlands. These are located in the most economically developed and densely populated areas of China. They have formed an important ecological barrier in these areas and play an irreplaceable role in regulating the climate and maintaining ecological balance. In addition, 246 migratory bird species breed and overwinter in these coastal wetlands, 24 of which are globally threatened.

Future wetland protection in China requires constant public advocacy and public participation. From the worldwide aspect, the biggest challenge of the project is the challenge of global cooperation on biodiversity. This is not only an environmental issue, but also a development, economic, security, social and moral issue. If a ‘grey rhino’ event is to be avoided, the protection of wetland, an ecosystem with the richest biodiversity and ecological functions in nature, is urgent.

Read the full article about China's wetlands by Lan Keqi at Alliance Magazine.