“As a 14-year-old young lady, I feel as though it is my civic duty to make you aware of this issue that is oppressing people in my age bracket, and all age brackets of the black community,” one Louisiana student began a 2016 letter regarding the Black Lives Matter movement, addressed to the president. “Yes all lives matter, but all lives are not treated equally and respected, which needs to change.”

Another student, from Indiana, expressed her concerns from the other side of the debate: “I watch the news with [my] parents, and I constantly see that police are being attacked for claims of using brutal force too much.”

These were among more than 11,000 letters students from across 321 schools wrote in 2016 as part of an effort by the National Writing Campaign to encourage youth civic participation. A recent report analyzing the letters submitted to the campaign, collectively titled “Letters To The Next President 2.0,” suggests students wield power as civic agents, and educators can tap into that through carefully crafted civics instruction.

A “one-size-fits-all” approach to civics education, the report suggests, does not do today’s students justice.

According to the report, authored by a group of Stanford University researchers and published in American Educational Research Journal, students expressed concerns on a wide variety of issues affecting society today, ranging from climate change to sexual violence. In some cases, students identified challenges facing their communities, like immigration policies and gun violence, prior to national campaigns calling for change.

While there was not one certain topic that stood out in the analysis as a top concern for students, the letters suggested today’s teenagers are instead concerned about a range of political issues that vary according to socioeconomic and geographic context.

Among the top 20 concerns expressed by students were immigration, guns, education and school-related issues (including school costs), race and ethnicity, and women, gender and LGBTQ issues.

Read the full article about students ready for complex civic conversations by Naaz Modan at Education Dive.