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Farming in India is to a great extent rain fed, and the growing population puts tremendous pressure on the agricultural ecosystem. Challenges such as decreasing per acre output, reduction in farm area, and climate change raise questions around the adaptability of Indian agriculture in changing times.
In order to address climate change, nonprofit organizations such as S M Sehgal Foundation promote climate-resilient agricultural practices within rural communities to transform and sustain agriculture in India. Sustainable agriculture is farming in ways that can meet society’s present food needs without compromising the ability for current or future generations to meet their needs. Focusing on adaptation and building resilience to climate change is the way forward.
Improving soil health is a key intervention for managing crop resilience under climate change, along with the promotion of renewable energy for irrigation and water-saving agricultural development techniques such as micro irrigation, mulching, laser leveling, direct seeded rice for saving water in paddy, and using water absorbents to maintain soil moisture. The combined effect of water conservation practices and the promotion of conservation tillage practices lead to an increase in organic soil matter and create an ecosystem for crops to thrive, thereby ensuring greater food security.
Read the full article about sustainable agriculture by Pooja O. Murada and Arti M Grover at Global Washington.